Along with nicotine, smokers inhale around 4000 chemicals. Many of these compounds are active chemically agents that cause major changes in the human body. Smoking affects almost every organ of the body, leading to the establishment of many diseases and illnesses.
The most dangerous chemical compounds of tobacco
Tar - this is the collective term that means different particles existing in traditional cigarette. These particles contain chemicals including carcinogens substances. Brown colored, tar is sticky and stains teeth, fingernails and lung tissue of smokers.
Carbon monoxide- in large quantities, this gas is fatal because it substitute the oxygen in the blood. Each red blood cell contains hemoglobin oxygen molecules are transported in the body ,through these cromoproteine red colored. Carbon monoxide can easily take the place of oxygen in hemoglobin. And this means that a smoker's heart must pump harder to send sufficiently oxygen to the brain and other organs.
Hydrogen cyanide (cyanide - toxic salt of hydrocyanic acid) - lungs contain frail hairs (cilia) which, by their movements, removes foreign substances (dust particles) from the lungs. Cyanide prevents the cilia to fulfill the role of "cleaner" , so the chemicals in tobacco are free to install inside the lungs. Other chemicals that affect the lungs are: hydrocarbons, organic acids, phenols and oxidizing agents.
Free radicals - these reactive chemicals harm the myocardium and blood vessels. Cholesterol interacts with free radicals leading to fat deposit on artery walls. Their action produces at smokers with cardiovascular disease - stroke and heart attack.
Metals - Cigarette contain dangerous metal particles such as arsenic and cadmium. Some of these metals shows carcinogenic properties.
Radioactive compounds - tobacco contains radioactive compounds that are carcinogenic.
How is the respiratory system affected?
How does it affect the circulatory system?
How is the immune system affected?
The immune system is severely damaged. Smoker is prone to respiratory infections in the first place, as well as other diseases. It takes longer until the body recover from illnesses.
How is affected skeletal and muscular system?
Other effects on the body
A percentage of 40% of smokers die from cardiovascular diseases that are aggravated by nicotine, heart attacks occur, especially among young smokers.
Tobacco smoke contains over 4,700 chemicals from which 60 are carcinogenic. Smoking is responsible for more than 85% of lung cancers and is also associated with other forms of cancer: mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, cervix, kidney and colon cancer. The researchers found that smoking is causing including leukemia. It increases the risk confrontation with cardiovascular disease - cardiovascular accident stroke, peripheral vascular disease, aortic aneurysm. Many components of cigarettes have been characterized as "cytotoxic" - which have toxic effects on cells - which irritates the respiratory system, resulting in increasing the secretion of bronchial mucus.
Smoking a cigarette by the researchers was divided into two categories: mainstream smoke - MS and sidestream smoke - MS.Mainstrain smoke refers mainly to tobacco smoke wich is drawned into the lungs during smoking. Secondary smoke means smoke resulting from the burning cigarette between two fumes.
The temperature at which form MS is much higher than the temperature at wich is forn the FS. The result is that FS contains a significant amount of organic chemical compounds than FP. Many studies have tried indirectly to show that FS is more toxic than FP.
While it is not possible to examine all the compounds and their toxic effects, the ratio below focuses on the main carcinogenic components that are found in cigarettes.
Carcinogenic compounds from regular cigarettes
Cigarette and circulatory system
Tobacco contains over 4,700 chemicals, most of them damaging the body. Of these, 60 are carcinogenic and over 600 harmful. The rest affects the body by inhibiting the lungs and slows breathing ..
Nicotine causes the blood pressure, heart having to work harder and harder. Carbon monoxide produces accelerating heartbeats and replaces oxygen in the blood.
Tar from a cigarette contains hundreds of chemicals that cause cancer.
Smoking causes artery blockage - it leads to production of heart attacks, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Heart becomes overloaded, the amount of oxygen is reduced, clots form on the walls of blood vessels, increasing the risk of potentially fatal changes in heartbeat.
Compared with nonsmokers, smokers have a 70% higher risk of coronary heart disease with deadly confrontation.
Risk factors for cigarette
Know what you are facing, if you smoke regular cigarettes:
What happens to the passive smokers?
Nonsmokers who live with smokers are more likely to suffer a stroke. Nonsmokers children may suffer from bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma.
Teenagers and cigarettes
Smoking is a habit that "take" from high school. 80% of "novice"smokers are students and teenagers;
There are many factors that cause a person to start smoking at school:
Young people quit because of friends, price pack of cigarettes, parental reaction, cigarette taste.
Benefits of quitting smoking
Risk of developing cardiovascular disease diminishes greatly after only one year .
Within 2-6 years, the risk of developing coronary heart disease is similar to that presented by a non-smoker.
Besides the health benefits, termination of this flaw has financial benefits, if you smoke a pack a day with 20 cigarettes calculated at 2 euro/pack and quit,you save about 900 euros a year .